What are pelvic floor muscles?
The pelvic floor muscles are a group of muscles that wraps around the underneath of bladder and rectum. These muscles attach to the front, back and sides of the pelvic bones and sacrum
They are like a hammock or a sling, supporting the bladder, uterus, prostate and rectum. They play an integral part to maintain body’s well being.
Sometimes these muscles can become too tight which will often cause pelvic pain or urgency and frequency of the bladder and bowels or too weak contributing to stress incontinence and organ prolapse. This increased or decreased tension in the muscles ultimately leads to pelvic floor dysfunction.
How pelvic physiotherapy can help?
Pelvic physiotherapists have specialized training to diagnose, assess and treat pelvic conditions in both males and females which includes the following:
· Urinary Incontinence (stress/urge)
· Urinary frequency, urgency, hesitancy, stopping and starting of the urine stream, painful urination, or incomplete emptying.
· Post -prostatectomy incontinence
· Constipation, straining, painful bowel movements, fecal incontinence
· Chronic pelvic pain (dysmenorrhea, endometriosis, prostatitis, testicular and penile pain, interstitial cystitis, uterine fibroids, endometrial polyps)
· Vaginismus and vulvodynia.
· Pelvic organ prolapse (uterus, bladder, rectum)
· Pain during or after intercourse, orgasm, sexual stimulation.
· Unexplained pain in your low back, pelvic region, hips, genital area, or rectum
· Pre/post pregnancy issues (pelvic pressure, leakage, diastasis rectus, episiotomy, C- section)
· Pelvic floor dysfunction in pregnancy and coccydynia, pregnancy related pelvic girdle pain.